Most Common Health Problems in Australia
In Australia, some of the most widespread and commonly reported health problems are mental health issues, musculoskeletal conditions, cardiovascular disease, low back pain, diabetes, and obesity. Today, we want to look at each of these in turn and what impact they have on people around the country. To manage all these different conditions and patients, medical facilities often use platforms like Iinsight just to keep up.
Mental Health Issues
Mental health issues such as depression and anxiety have been on the rise in Australia since the 1990s. In 2017-2018 alone, 1 in 5 Australians had sought professional help for a mental health-related issue. Mental health issues are associated with other physical and emotional problems, such as difficulty concentrating and sleeping, substance abuse, relationship problems, and even suicide attempts.
To overcome them, Australians need access to a wide range of services, such as therapy, support groups, and medication. A strong social safety net is also essential for those in need.
Next, musculoskeletal conditions are one of the leading causes of disability in Australia. Common musculoskeletal conditions include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, back pain, and neck pain. These conditions can cause significant limitations in mobility and daily activities.
Patients with musculoskeletal conditions often require physical therapy as well as medication to manage their symptoms. Psychological support may also be beneficial for those who are dealing with chronic pain.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of death in Australia – accounting for around 20% of all deaths. CVD is a broad term for disorders that involve the heart and/or blood vessels, such as coronary artery disease, stroke, hypertension, and atrial fibrillation. It is important to detect and manage CVD risks early as the consequences of having untreated CVD can be serious, including death.
Unfortunately, the risk of CVD increases with a sedentary lifestyle, poor eating habits, and the use of tobacco or alcohol. To reduce risk factors for CVD, it is important to exercise regularly and eat a healthy, balanced diet; smoking and alcohol should also be avoided or used in moderation. It is also important to get regular check-ups with your doctor to screen for early indications of CVD.
Low Back Pain
As a sign of the busy working world of our times, low back pain is one of the most common health problems faced by Australians. Low back pain can take many forms, from mild discomfort to chronic and disabling pain. The good news is that there are a variety of treatments available to help alleviate low back pain. Exercise, stretching, and massage are some of the most effective treatments available. Additionally, self-management techniques such as mindfulness and cognitive behavioural therapy can be beneficial for long-term recovery.
While type 1 diabetes is not as prevalent in Australia as type 2 diabetes, both types are among the most common health problems. Diabetes is a chronic condition caused by either an insufficient production of insulin or an inability to use it effectively. As the number of people developing diabetes continues to rise, there is a need for effective treatments and strategies to manage the condition. The most effective approach is to focus on lifestyle changes such as increasing physical activity and following a healthy eating plan.
Finally, obesity is a major health issue in Australia, with more than two-thirds of the adult population being overweight or obese. The number of people who are overweight or obese has risen significantly in the last few decades, and it is now considered to be a major risk factor for many health conditions such as heart disease.